Types of Mangoes in India and its Nutritional and Health Benefits in 2022

Mango is a juicy and delicious fruit that is rich in nutrients. Although native to India, the tree extends throughout South Asia, the African continent, and the United States.

It has a 5,000-year history in our country. Mango trees are said to have been first found in southeastern Myanmar, in southeastern India. The word mango is said to have originated from the Tamil word “Mampalamba”.


How many varieties of Mango in India

There are about 500 species of Mangoes. They also have their own names.

Some of the types of mangoes in india are Chausa, Dashari, Lengeda, Himma Sagar, Bombay Green (Malda), Mallika, Totapuri, Lat Sundari, Malgova, Dwarika, Godavari, Ambika Keshar, Baiganapalli, Hatikhozia, Ambika and Rakatel, and others.

A small farmer in Varanasi was the first to grow delicious mangoes in his orchard, popularly known as ‘Lengeda’. This is among the top 10 mangoes in India. Mangoes from different parts of the country are all different names.

Which state is the largest producer of Mango in India

Among the largest mango producing state in India are Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.

In the fruit, mango is called king and it is the national fruit of our country.  Apart from us, Phillipines, Pakistan, and Bangladesh have also been recognized as national fruits.

Which is the largest Mango producing country in the World

In terms of mango production, our country ranks first, China second, and Philipince third. India produces only 50 percent of the world’s mangoes.

It has been cultivated in Brazil, California and South Africa for the past 400 years.

Nutritional Values in Mango

1 cup fresh mango juice contains 100 calories. It is rich in protein, protein, fiber, potassium, calcium and vitamins. It does not contain cholesterol.

Medicinal Values of Mango?

It boosts the body’s immune system. Controls blood pressure. Increases eyesight. For patients with prostate cancer and leukemia, the results are quite beneficial.

The fruit, which is rich in more than 20 types of vitamins, is called super food. From time immemorial in India, mangoes have been traditionally gifted to friends and relatives.

When is Mango season in India

The summer season is the mango season in India which starts from February till June.

The plant can withstand temperatures up to 4 degrees. In hot climates, nigida, and deep statues, its main roots sometimes reach up to 20 feet deep. It can reach a maximum height of 150 feet.

The tree lasts for 300 years. At a height of 400 meters above sea level, during mowing, mangoes are best grown in areas with temperatures ranging from 24 to 24 degrees Celsius. Salt sculptures and frozen areas are unsuitable for mango cultivation.

Due to the plant’s growth requirements, it has the best habitat for mango cultivation in India.

However, depending on the type, the shape and time of flowering also vary. Some mangoes ripen in March, while others ripen in June-July.

types of mangoes in india

Which mango is best in India

The average weight of advanced mangoes is about 200 species, usually weighing 200 grams, 240 grams, and 320 grams. A new species of Nurjahan weighs between 3 kilograms and 4 kilograms. The price of this delicious Nurjahan is Rs 2,500 per kg.

Alfonso mango is commonly referred to as the king of mangoes and is the tastiest mango in India, which sell for between Rs 1,000 and Rs 4,000 per kilogram, and is the costliest mango in India.

The mango was first exported to the United Kingdom in 1953. Since then, Indian mangoes and mangoes have been in high demand in many parts of the world.

How to cultivate the Mango tree in India

Varieties of mangoes are available in nurseries that are buried directly in holes. A 2-foot-2-foot hole is drilled a week in advance. The tree is planted with a mixture of well-drained 25 kg of cow dung and excavated soil.

Support is needed to grow trees directly. It can be planted between April and June. Delicious mango tacos eaten in May and June are collected and dried well.

The takua/seed is soaked in water for 24 hours before planting. There are no trees in the water that float in the water.

Irrigation was essential during the dry season. When the plant survives, it needs urea and potash fertilizer. Which are the best inorganic fertilizers for mango trees in India.

Cutting down the first buds that come in 2-3 years gives the plant good growth. Irrigation during the growing season is bad for the plants, so irrigation is essential when it comes to fruit.

Which is the sweetest Mango in India

The smell of honey, the taste of the juice, and the taste of Nurjahan are also unparalleled. The rich and the poor all enjoy this fruit in the hot summer months.


How to Eat Mango

People prefer to eat mangoes over other fruits in the summer. It’s a good time to eat mangoes right after lunch. Soaking it in water for half an hour before eating reduces its acidity.

History of Mango in India

Mangoes were highly valued by kings and emperors. The mangoes of Alexander and the Mughal emperor Jahangir were very popular.

Alexander is said to have first learned of the taste of mangoes during the Indian invasion, and on his return he was taken away with several mangoes.

Uses of Mango in India

Raw mangoes are made from a variety of dishes, such as pickles, sauce ambulances, and delicious mangoes and juices from ripe mangoes. The gift of mangoes is considered the best gift for friendship and peace.

Apart from nutritional and health benefits. Mango wood is also used as a home or sacrificial shrine.

Lastly, In our religion and Buddhism, mango trees are important. We have a description of our mythology and scripture.

The story of the true amber in the Mahabharata and the story of the birth of Jarasandha are quite interesting. Ambalad is placed on top of a full pot and placed on it.

Leave a Comment